Commonly referred to as the ‘science of life because the Sanskrit meaning Ayurveda is complete system of healthy living that originated in India In this system healing addresses not only physical, but also the emotional, mental and spiritual, aspects of health where all of these are interlinked Hence practices of Ayurveda and its holistic principles are primarily focused on personalized health.
One experiences the adorable feeling towards Ayurveda only after a period of experimentation with other health systems Practically speaking it is a system of medicine which is totally integrated, which also includes Yoga as a spiritual component and looks at an individual as a complete human being Ayurveda is one of the oldest yet living traditional health systems of medicine of Ayu is life and Veda is science or knowledge It is understood that Ayurveda is a science that is verified and true beyond any doubt In Ayurveda the medicines are classified on the basis of their taste quality potency. Nature of its metabolite and the characteristic of its action.
The physiology in Ayurveda depends on the three vital humors (vata. pitta and kapha) which cannot be quantified or measured. Another important fundamental concept in Ayurveda is the body constitution of a person which the Ayurveda experts understand after considering numerous physical and mental attributes. But this also cannot be quantified or measured.
In a broad sense Ayurveda is an extremely pragmatic science that concerns itself mainly with functions and mechanisms within the body and ways and means to change modify or maintain these functions hence the treatment regimen of Ayurveda accommodates the holistic approach. That includes the multiple component of management like diet life-style.
For Medicine therapies and yoga the advantage here is that, if correctly applied, these are able to effect a functional change of an individual within the body without harming it in any manner. In other words Ayurveda understands and treats human body through functional theories whereas allopathic medicine treats human body on structural theories both have their own distinct advantages
It is understood that the structural understanding of allopath played a significant role in its success over the last century in the fight against communicable diseases However now the burden of disease has undergone a dramatic shift from communicable to non-communicable diseases as these diseases are characterized by multi-factorial causality that does not have an underlying microbial cause.
The derangement of functions within the body may occur due to multiple causes like diet life-style or environment and the resultant disease in such a case is typically characterized by gradual progress and complex manifestation involving more than one organ system and chrom city This includes chronic metabolic disorders like Diabetes Hypertension Arthritis Cancer etc.
It is now becoming quite evident that, there can never be a one wonder drug to cure all of these diseases instead that they have to be tackled through a multi-dimensional strategy involving dietary changes life-style modification changes in one s immediate environment and medicine which is precisely the forte of Ayurveda. Hence people suffering from these disorders are now resorting to Ayurveda for Rheumatism.
Let us now discuss about Ayurveda and Rheumatism.
Rheumatism as mentioned earlier, the derangement of functions within the body may occur due to multiple causes like diet life-style etc this is a gradual progress characterized by complex manifestation that involves more than one organ system and chronic Some of the typical examples of these diseases, which are now being referred to as chronic metabolic disorders is Rheumatism (rheumatoid arthritis). However, in Ayurveda vatarakta&andhi- gata vata is considered as Rheumatism especially rheumatoid arthritis this comes under the domain of vatavyadhi mostly affecting the extremities.
The site where vatarakta is manifested are hands, feet fingers including toes and all joints. Here hands and feet are seen to be affected in the beginning and later spreading to all the other parts of the body because of the fluidity, mobility and subtle pervasive nature of vata and rakta While they more through the vessels they get obstructed in the joints which make them further aggravated because of the tortuous nature of the course in the joints and the morbid matter that gets lodged there Being localized in the joints it gets further associated with pitta and produce different types of pain characterized by the nature of these elements.
Hence, we can consider vatarak- ta as a problem representative of metabolic disorders which are caused due to the change in the life-style, diet environment etc that gives rise to the pain in all the joints which becomes unbearable.
Rheumatism is ayurveda defines a disease as a disturbance of vata pitta and kapha in an individual from once homeostatic state which in turn allow to decide the therapeutic regimen suitable to an individual depending on these body humors This is a major challenge with Ayurveda treatment. Wife cannot say with certainty how many days a treatment will require since this treatment is customized to a patient However patients undergo Ayurveda therapy as either an in-patient or an outpatient basis for stipulate d number of days as per the direction of the physician.
The therapy is advised either immediately or after internal medicine But once the therapy is advised the patient is required to be either admitted or visit the physician on a daily basis until the completion of the treatment Subsequently they are advised to come for a follow-up.
The results of the treatment are fully appreciable after the specific restriction and regimen of post treatment. But how long do they remain pain free? From the experience of clinicians, it is observed that in acute cases and relatively young patients the pain is completely relieved and never comes back unless the patient continues to indulge in an unfavorable dietary or life-style pattern. However, in chronic patients it is usually advisable to undergo treatment once a year Ayurveda expert analysis of dosha pre-dominance depending on Ayurveda fundamentals and also on(Intake of medicated oil internally).
Raktamokshana (blood-letting) as per the symptoms
Internal medications for Rheumatism.
Kashaya/decoction Kokilakshaka kashayam. Balaguduchiyadhi kashayam Manjistadhi kasha¬yam (if associated with skin ailments, usually given at later stages). Rasnerandadhi kashayam (used in the initial stages when it is associated with pain and oedema) the basis of symptoms observed and on its intensity The physician well versed in appropriate permutation and combination of therapies should apply the therapeutic measures after determining its location and relative strength of doshas responsible for the causation of ailment
Ayurveda Remedies for Rheumatism
External therapy :
Alepana (ointment) Abhyanga (oil massage). Panseka (pouring of medicated oil/ decoction), upanaha (poultice) in baseline condition
In sever condition Virechana (purgatives) Asthap- ana (decoction enema) Snehapana Rasnasaptaka kasayam (used in ini¬tial stage) Punarnavadhi kashayam will be good for Rheumatism.
Abhayarishtam (downward movement of vata) Punarnavanshtamfwhen associated with swelling): Amritharishtam (when associated with fever): Bala anshta (can be given in later stage):
These are given in tastelessness dissention of the abdomen and downward movement
Kaisora guggulu (when associated with (exudation, dryness crepitations): Punarnavaguggu- lu(useful when associated with swelling): Amrutha guggulu Simhanada guggulu.
Vataraktantaka rasa Mahatar- akeshvara rasa
Jatamayadhilepana (when associated with swelling): Kottamchukkadi.